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内燃叉车的设计要点及技术发展趋势

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内燃叉车的设计要点及技术发展趋势

发布日期:2017-06-05 00:00 来源:http://shiaidai.com 点击:

 叉车作为一种搬运机械,是实现物流机械化作业,减轻工人搬运劳动强度,提高作业效率的主要工具。内燃叉车以内燃机为动力,其功率强劲、适用范围广。目前,在世界范围内,内燃叉车的销量占叉车销量的60%左右(国内80%左右),国内叉车生产企业每年有10%以上的内燃叉车销往欧、美等发达国家(2006年内燃叉车共销售83 795台,其中出口9 920台),而且出口量逐年增加。但随着欧盟各种指令的不断颁布实施以及人们环保意识的日益增强,企业只有不断地进行技术创新并同国际先进技术接轨,适时地将新产品推向市场,接受市场的考验,并不断地进行技术升级,才能立足国际市场。有鉴于此,现阶段内燃叉车的设计不仅仅是要满足功能要求,更需要在环保、人性化、安全性、可靠性和维护性能等多方面进行综合考虑,体现“以人为本”的设计思想。  

  本文以安徽叉车集团公司技术中心最新研制的合力G系列内燃平衡重式叉车为例,就内燃叉车的设计要点及技术发展趋势,谈谈本人的几点看法。 


1 LVSEHUANBAOSHINEIRANCHACHESHEJIZHUIQIUDEMUBIAO

  1.1 DIGONGHAIFADONGJIDEXUANYONGJIFUJIANSHEJI  

  NEIRANCHACHESHIYIFADONGJIWEIDONGLI,QIPAIQIHEZAOSHENGWURANHUANJING,YOUHAIRENLEIJIANKANG。CAIYONGDIYOUHAO、DIPAIFANG、DIZAOSHENG、GAOXIAOLVDEHUANBAOXINGFADONGJINENGDADAJIANGDIDUIHUANJINGDEWURAN。TONGGUOSHEJIZENGJIAFADONGJIWEIQICUIHUA、JINGHUAZHUANGZHINENGYOUXIAODIJIANGDIYOUHAIQITIHEWEILIDEPAIFANG。MUQIAN,HELIGXILIENEIRANCHACHEDEPAIFANGYIDADAOOUMENGECHEMEIGUOEPADISANJIEDUANPAIFANGFAGUIYAOQIU。 

  1.2 JIANGDIZHENGJIZHENDONGYUZAOSHENG 

JIANZHENYUJIANGZAOSHIDANGQIANNEIRANCHACHESHEJIZHONGZUIXUYAOGUANZHUDEWENTI。NEIRANCHACHEDEZHENDONGJIZAOSHENGZHUYAOLAIYUANYU:FADONGJIDEJINPAIQIZAOSHENG、ZHENDONGJIZHENDONGZAOSHENG;CHETILINGBUJIAN、GONGZUOZHUANGZHI、YEYAXITONGGONGZUOSHICHANSHENGDEZHENDONGJIZAOSHENG。ZHEIXIEZHENDONGJIZAOSHENGYIDANCHAOGUOMOUYIXIANZHI,JIUHUIWEIHAICAOZUORENYUANJIXIANGGUANRENYUANDESHENXINJIANKANG。XINBANBUDE22/44/ECZHENDONGZHILINGJIZAOSHENGZHILINGDUIZHEIXIESHUZHIJINXINGLELIANGHUA,ZHENDONG:CAOZUORENYUANDEZHENDONGJIASUDU8 hBAOLUXIANZHIWEI1.15 m/s2;SHOU—BEIWEI5 m/s2;ZAOSHENG:8 hBAOLUZAOSHENGSHENGYAJI≤87 dB(A);SHUNSHIMAICHONGZAOSHENGSHENGYAJI≤200 PaHUOSHENGYAJI≤140 dB(C)。HELIGXILIECHACHETONGGUOYOUHUAFADONGJIJIANZHENDIAN,ZAICAOZONGXITONGHEZHUANXIANGQIAODENGCHUZENGJIAJIANZHENKUAI,ZAIGONGZUOZHUANGZHIZHONGSHEJISHANGXIAHUANCHONGZHUANGZHI(SHANGHUANCHONGZHUANLIHAO:ZL 2006 2 0072067.7;XIAHUANCHONGZHUANLIHAO:ZL 03220124.9),BINGPEIBEIXUANFUSHIJIANZHENZUOYI,DADAJIANGDILEZHENGCHEZHENDONG;TONGGUOZAOSHENGDEPINPUFENXI,SHEJIYUFADONGJIPIPEIDEJINQIXIAOYINQIHEPAIQIXIAOSHENGQI,BINGZAICHETIZHOUWEISHEJIZHANTIEXISHENGGESHENGZHUANGZHI,CONGERJIANGDILEZHENGCHEZAOSHENG。 

  1.3 YEYAXITONGGAOXIAOJIENENGDESHEJI 

北京11选5  NEIRANCHACHEDEGAOXIAOJIENENGSHIHUANJINGBAOHUDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,JIANSHAONENGYUANXIAOHAOJIYIWEIZHEJIANSHAODUIHUANJINGDEWURAN。ZAICHACHEYEYAXITONGDESHEJIZHONG,BUDANYAOSHIXIANQIFUZAIYUDIAOJIEGONGNENG,HAIYAOJINKENENGDILIYONGNENGLIANG,DADAOGAOXIAO、KEKAOYUNXINGDEMUDE。YEYAXITONGDEGONGLVSUNSHIHUISHIXITONGDEZONGXIAOLVXIAJIANG、YOUWENSHENGGAO、YOUYEBIANZHI,DAOZHICHACHEFASHENGGUZHANG。YINCI,SHEJIYEYAXITONGSHIBIXUDUOTUJINGDIKAOLVJIANGDIXITONGDEGONGLVSUNSHI。HELIGXILIECHACHETONGGUOYOUHUAYEYAGUANLUSHEJI,JIANGDIGUANLUDEYALISUNSHI;TONGGUOXITONGYALIDEDIAOZHENGJIFUHECHUANGANJISHUDEYINGYONG,JINYIBUJIANGDIYEYAXITONGDEGONGZUOWENDU。TONGDENGQINGKUANGXIADESHIYANBIAOMING,GXILIECHACHEDEYEYAYOUWENNENGJIANGDI5~8 ℃,CONGERJIANGDILEFADONGJIDERANYOUXIAOHAO。 

北京11选5  1.4 HUANBAOXINGCAILIAODELIYONG 

  NEIRANCHACHEZAIGEXITONGJIBUJIANSHEJIZHONGJINLIANGCAIYONGNENGZAISHENGLIYONGDECAILIAOHEDIHUANJINGFUHECAILIAO,SUOXUANYONGDECAILIAOJINLIANGSHIKEHUISHOU、YIFENJIE、NENGZAISHENGERQIEZAIJIAGONGHESHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGDUIHUANJINGWUHAIDECAILIAO,JINKENENGBUSHIYONGHANLVXIANGJIAO、SHUZHIJISHIMIANDEYOUHAICAILIAO。TEBIESHIJIEGOUJIANDESHEJIYINGJINKENENGCAIYONGBIJIAORONGYIZHUANGPEIHEFENJIEDEDAMOKUAIHUAJIEGOUHEWUDUCAILIAO,TIGAOCAILIAODEZAISHENGLV。HELIGXILIECHACHETONGGUODUIZHENGCHEJIEGOUDEYOUHUASHEJI,JINKENENGCAIYONGHUANBAOXINGCAILIAO,YIQIANCHANGYONGDESHIMIANCAILIAOLINGBUJIANXIANYIQUANBUCAIYONGWUSHIMIANZHIPIN。 

北京11选5  1.5 WAIGUANMEIXUESHEJI 

北京11选5  JINNIANLAIGEDAQIYEJIETUICHULEWAIGUANZAOXINGLINGRENYUYUEDEXINCHEXING,TIXIANLECHACHEZAOXINGJIAOCHEHUADEFAZHANQUSHI。LIUXIANXING、DAYUANHUGUODUJIAYIMINGKUAIXIEDIAODESECAIDAPEI,SHICHACHEDEZAOXINGGENGJIAMEIGUANDAFANG。SUIZHEJISUANJIJISHUDEFAZHAN,XUNIYANGJISHEJI、SANWEISHITIZAOXING、KUAISUCHENGXINGDENGXIANJINSHEJISHOUDUANHEXIANJINZHIZAOJISHUDEYUNYONG,CHACHEZAOXINGJIANGYUELAIYUEJUYOUXINYIHETESE。HELIGXILIECHACHEZHUZHONGWAIGUANMEIXUEHECHESHENDELIUXIANXINGSHEJI,DADAOCHETIYUHUANJINGDEXIEHE,JIRENYISHIJUESHANGDEMEIGAN(WAIGUANSHEJIZHUANLIHAO:ZL 2006 3 0080424.X)。 


2 YUNYONGRENLEIGONGXIAOXUEYUANLI,ZHUZHONGRENXINGHUASHEJI

  RENXINGHUASHEJISHIYIZHONGZHUZHONGRENXINGXUQIUDESHEJI,JIZAISHEJICHANPINDEGUOCHENGZHONGYIRENWEIBEN,LEJIERENDEXUQIU,SHEJICHUZUNZHONGREN、GUANHUAIRENDECHANPIN,DADAORENJIHEXIE。ZAICHACHEDESHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOYUNYONGRENLEIGONGXIAOXUEYUANLI,YOUHUACHACHERENJIJIEMIAN,SHICAOZONGJIANBIANSHENGLI、XUNSUZHUNQUE,CHONGFENFAHUIRENJIXIAONENG。SUIZHEDIANZIJISHUDEFAZHANYUYUNYONG,CHACHEKONGZHIJISHUDEDIANZIHUAYICHENGWEIDANGJINCHACHEJISHUDEFAZHANQUSHI,CAIYONGWEIJIKONGZHIJISHU,SHIXIANLEGEZHONGGONGKUANGXIAZIDONGPANDUAN,SHICHACHESHIZHONGNENGBAOCHILIANGHAOZHUANGTAI,YINCIKONGZHIHECAOZONGDERENXINGHUANENGDADATIGAOZUOYEDEANQUANXINGHESHUSHIXING。HELIGXILIECHACHETONGGUOCAIYONGDONGLIZHIDONGXITONG(ZHUANLIHAO:ZL 2006 2 0072063.9),LIYONGCHILUNBENGSUOCHANSHENGDEGAOYAYOUZUOYONGYUZHIDONGFASHANG,SHISHIZHULIBINGCHANSHENGZHIDONGLI,DADAJIANQINGCAOZUORENYUANDEJIAOTABANLI;TONGGUOYOUZHIYEYACAOZONGSHOUBING,YOUXIAOJIANGDICAOZUORENYUANSHOUBEIDEPILAOGAN;TONGGUOSHEJIYINGYONGSHUANGSHOUBINGJIAOCHEHUAZUHEKAIGUAN,SHIJIASHIRENYUANDECAOZUOGENGJIAJIANJIEZIRU;TONGGUOMENJIAHEHUDINGJIAJIEGOUDEYOUHUASHEJI,CAOZUORENYUANQIANFANGHESHANGFANGDESHIYEYOULEDAFUDUGAISHAN;YINGYONGRENJIGONGCHENGXUEYUANLISHEJISHANGXIACHETABANHEJIASHIKONGJIAN,JINYIBUZENGJIASIJIDECAOZUOKONGJIAN;TONGGUOSHEJIYINGYONGFADONGJIZIDONGJIANKONGXITONG(ZHUANLIHAO:ZL 2004 2 0024312.8),DANGFADONGJIYOUYAGUODI、SHUIWENGUOGAOSHIFADONGJINENGZIDONGTINGJI,YIBIANGAOZHIYONGHUJISHIJIANCEBINGBAOHUFADONGJI。YISHANGCHONGFENTIXIANLEHELIGXILIECHACHE“YIRENWEIBEN”DERENXINGHUASHEJISIXIANG。 


3 GENGJIAQIANGDIAOCHACHEDEANQUANXING

  BAOZHENGJIASHIYUANDEANQUANYIZHISHICHACHESHEJIRENYUANZHONGDIANKAOLVDEWENTI。SUIZHECHACHEZAIGEGELINGYUZHONGDEGUANGFANSHIYONG,CHACHEANQUANWENTIRIXIANZHONGYAO,CHANPINDEANQUANXINGYICHENGWEIQIYEMAIXIANGGUOJISHICHANGDEYIDAOMENJIAN。CHACHEZAISHEJIZHONGYIWEIJIASHICAOZUORENYUANTIGONGLEZUIDADEANQUANXISHU,BINGJIANGCHACHEDESUNHAIFENGXIANJIANZHIZUIXIAO。JINNIANLAI,GUOWAIGEDAQIYEDUICHACHEDEANQUANXINGZUOLESHENRUYANJIU,BINGXIANGJITUICHULEANQUANXINGNENGLIANGHAODEXINCHANPIN。TONGSHI,DIANZIJISHUDEFAZHANYUYUNYONG,SHICHACHEANQUANXINGYANJIUXIANGZHINENGHUAFANGXIANGFAZHAN。HELIGXILIECHACHEDEANQUANXINGZHUYAOTIXIANZAIRUXIAFANGMIAN:JIASHISHIYOUYIXINGGANGHUDINGJIATONGGUOSIZHOUXIANGPIANXINGCHENG(ZHUANLIHAO:ZL 2006 2 072068.1),HUDINGJIAYANGEANZHAOGB5143-85《GAOQISHENGCHELIANGHUDINGJIAJISHUYAOQIUHESHIYANFANGFA》YAOQIUSHEJI,JINXINGANQUANXINGJIANYAN,CAIYONGXIANGPIANSHITONGSHIYEBAOZHENGLEZHUANGYOUJIASHISHIDECHACHEDEANQUANXING;TINGCHEZHIDONGZHUANGZHIZENGJIAANQUANBAOHUCUOSHI,SHOUZHIDONGLASHANGHOU,JISHIBANDONGFANGXIANGSHOUBING,CHACHEYEBUHUIXINGZOU;MENJIAGUANLUXITONGPEIYOUANQUANZHUANGZHI,JISHIGUANLUPOLIE,HUOWUYEBUHUITURANDIAOLUO;SUOYOUGAOYAGUANLUJUNYUANLIJIASHIYUANYINZANGBUZHI,BAOZHENGCAOZUORENYUANDEANQUAN;DIANQIXITONGQUANBUCAIYONGANQUANXINGNENGLIANGHAODECHACHEXIANSHUHEJICHENGHUADIANQIYUANJIAN,FANGSHUIFANGCHEN,TIGAOANQUANXING。 


4 JIESHUYU

北京11选5  YONGHUDEXUQIUYIJIOUMEIDENGFADAGUOJIAXIANGGUANFAGUIDEBUDUANBANBUSHISHITUIDONGLEGUONEINEIRANCHACHEDEFAZHAN。GUANYUNEIRANCHACHEDESHEJIYAODIANJIJISHUFAZHANQUSHI,CHUYISHANGJIDIANWAI,ZAITIGAOXITONGKEKAOXINGSHEJIFANGMIAN,HAIYINGJINLIANGYUNYONGGAOKEKAOXINGDECHENGSHUJISHUHEJIEYONGJINGSHICHANGKAOYANHOUDECHENGSHUXILIELINGBUJIANYIYANZHANGGEGUANJIANXITONGHUOLINGJIANDESHIYONGSHOUMING,JIANSHAOGENGHUANCISHU;ZAITIGAOKEWEIHUXINGFANGMIAN,CEZHONGCHAIZHUANGJIANDANHUA,BUJIANZUHEHUA,JIAYOUJIZHONGHUA,JIANCHAJIANKONGHUA,GAISHANBUJIANDEYIJIEJINXING,JINKENENGJIANSHAOXUWEIXIUDEXIANGMU,YIJIANGDISHIYONGHEWEIHUCHENGBEN。SUOYOUZHEIXIEDOUJIANGCHENGWEIJINHOUNEIRANCHACHESHEJIHEJISHUFAZHANDEFANGXIANG。


相关标签:内燃叉车

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